The Eba's Modest Impact: A Multiple Stream Theory Understanding of the Everything but Arms Initiative Within the European Union's Broader Agricultural Trade Policy Environment

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Title: The Eba's Modest Impact: A Multiple Stream Theory Understanding of the Everything but Arms Initiative Within the European Union's Broader Agricultural Trade Policy Environment
Authors: Touizrar, Youcef Ibrahim
Date: 2012
Abstract: This paper examines the EU’s Everything But Arms (EBA) initiative, which provides quota and tariff free access to the EU common market for most exports from Least Developed Countries’ (LDC’s) as part of the EU’s ‘aid through trade’ development initiatives. Guided by the Multiple Stream theoretical approach to policy-making, the paper also argues that endogenous and exogenous spillover effects made the EBA ineffective at delivering the economic benefits hoped of it. The argument presented is that the EBA should be understood within a broader policy perspective and through the lens of agricultural trade. An assessment of the EU’s agriculture and trade policy environment shows that the EBA could never deliver anything but modest economic benefits for LDC’s. Spillover from pre-existing ACP-EU preferential market access agreements means that the EBA only offers a modest increase in quota and tariff free access to the EU market for most LDC’s. The EU’s Rules of Origin and the EBA’s Safeguard clause ensure that any gains to LDC’s do not come at the expense of EU producers or adversely affect EU trade or financial interests. The Rules of Origin also create significant administrative burdens for the poorest nations. Additionally, continuing CAP reforms are making the EU a less profitable market for LDC agricultural goods, even if they are helping to decrease protectionism and reduce production supports that provide an advantage to EU agricultural producers over LDC producers.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23879
CollectionAffaires publiques et internationales - Mémoires // Public and International Affairs - Research Papers
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