Identification and Characterization of an Arginine-methylated Survival of Motor Neuron (SMN) Interactor in Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

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Title: Identification and Characterization of an Arginine-methylated Survival of Motor Neuron (SMN) Interactor in Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
Authors: Tadesse, Helina
Date: 2012
Abstract: Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a neuronal degenerative disease caused by the mutation or loss of the Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) gene. The cause for the specific motor neuron susceptibility in SMA has not been identified. The high axonal transport/localization demand on motor neurons may be one potentially disrupted function, more specific to these cells. We therefore used a large-scale immunoprecipitation (IP) experiment, to identify potential interactors of SMN involved in neuronal transport and localization of mRNA targets. We identified KH-type splicing regulatory protein (KSRP), a multifunctional RNA-binding protein that has been implicated in transcriptional regulation, neuro-specific alternative splicing, and mRNA decay. KSRP is closely related to chick zipcode-binding protein 2 and rat MARTA1, proteins involved in neuronal transport/localization of beta-actin and microtubule-associated protein 2 mRNAs, respectively. We demonstrated that KSRP is arginine methylated, a novel SMN interactor (specifically with the SMN Tudor domain; and not with SMA causing mutants). We also found this protein to be misregulated in the absence of SMN, resulting in increased mRNA stability of KSRP mRNA target, p21cip/waf1. A role for SMN as an axonal chaperone of methylated RBPs could thus be key in SMA pathophysiology.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23588
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-6263
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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