Precise Size Control and Noise Reduction of Solid-state Nanopores for the Detection of DNA-protein Complexes

Title: Precise Size Control and Noise Reduction of Solid-state Nanopores for the Detection of DNA-protein Complexes
Authors: Beamish, Eric
Date: 2012
Abstract: Over the past decade, solid-state nanopores have emerged as a versatile tool for the detection and characterization of single molecules, showing great promise in the field of personalized medicine as diagnostic and genotyping platforms. While solid-state nanopores offer increased durability and functionality over a wider range of experimental conditions compared to their biological counterparts, reliable fabrication of low-noise solid-state nanopores remains a challenge. In this thesis, a methodology for treating nanopores using high electric fields in an automated fashion by applying short (0.1-2 s) pulses of 6-10 V is presented which drastically improves the yield of nanopores that can be used for molecular recognition studies. In particular, this technique allows for sub-nanometer control over nanopore size under experimental conditions, facilitates complete wetting of nanopores, reduces noise by up to three orders of magnitude and rejuvenates used pores for further experimentation. This improvement in fabrication yield (over 90%) ultimately makes nanopore-based sensing more efficient, cost-effective and accessible. Tuning size using high electric fields facilitates nanopore fabrication and improves functionality for single-molecule experiments. Here, the use of nanopores for the detection of DNA-protein complexes is examined. As proof-of-concept, neutravidin bound to double-stranded DNA is used as a model complex. The creation of the DNA-neutravidin complex using polymerase chain reaction with biotinylated primers and subsequent purification and multiplex creation is discussed. Finally, an outlook for extending this scheme for the identification of proteins in a sample based on translocation signatures is presented which could be implemented in a portable lab-on-a-chip device for the rapid detection of disease biomarkers.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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