Development of New Biarylphosphane Coinage Metal Complexes for the Regioselective Synthesis of Fused Carbocycles

Title: Development of New Biarylphosphane Coinage Metal Complexes for the Regioselective Synthesis of Fused Carbocycles
Authors: Levesque, Patrick Pierre
Date: 2012
Abstract: In the last century, no less than five nobel prizes have been awarded for the construction of carbon-carbon bonds : The Grignard reaction (1912), the Diels-Alder reaction (1950), the Wittig reaction (1979), Olefin metathesis (2005) and palladium cross-coupling reactions (2011). The latter two are transition metal catalyzed transformations and their impact on the synthesis of pharmaceutically active compounds, bulk chemicals, fine chemicals, high tech materials as well as agricultural chemicals has been phenomenal. These reactions have changed the way the scientific community views the science of synthesis. Unlike palladium, gold has long been considered to be an expensive and inert metal and therefore, research on Au catalysis was scarse until the begining of the new millenium. Once the scientific community realized the treasure trove of reactivity that gold had to offer, the number of chemical transformations as well as total syntheses involving Au(I)/Au(III) catalysis has sky rocketed. A methodology initially developped by Toste and coworkers has shown that intramolecular addition of a silyl enol ether on alkynes proceeds via a 5-exo¬-dig¬ process. In the first part of this thesis, we will discuss how the ancilary ligand on Au(I) species can influence pathway selectivity for these cyclizations, therefore opening the door to selective 6-endo-dig cyclizations to generate fused carbocycles. With biological processes as well as other competing processes becoming ever more efficient, the future of chemical synthesis is threatened. If it is to survive, the focus of new chemical transformations will have to be on the cost and the greeness of the process. In the second part of this thesis, we will demonstrate how Ag(I) and Cu(I) complexes can offer even better 6-endo-dig¬ selectivity than analogous Au(I) complexes. Silver is about 56 times less expensive than gold, and copper is about 453 times less expensive than gold. Due to the greatly increased selectivity as well as the diminished cost of the catalysts, we have provided access to an attractive 6-endo-dig¬ cyclization process.
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -