Integration and Simulation of a Bitumen Upgrading Facility and an IGCC Process with Carbon Capture

dc.contributor.authorEl Gemayel, Gemayel
dc.description.abstractHydrocracking and hydrotreating are bitumen upgrading technologies designed to enhance fuel quality by decreasing its density, viscosity, boiling point and heteroatom content via hydrogen addition. The aim of this thesis is to model and simulate an upgrading and integrated gasification combined cycle then to evaluate the feasibility of integrating slurry hydrocracking, trickle-bed hydrotreating and residue gasification using the Aspen HYSYS® simulation software. The close-coupling of the bitumen upgrading facilities with gasification should lead to a hydrogen, steam and power self-sufficient upgrading facility with CO2 capture. Hydrocracker residue is first withdrawn from a 100,000 BPD Athabasca bitumen upgrading facility, characterized via ultimate analysis and then fed to a gasification unit where it produces hydrogen that is partially recycled to the hydrocracker and hydrotreaters and partially burned for power production in a high hydrogen combined cycle unit. The integrated design is simulated for a base case of 90% carbon capture utilizing a monoethanolamine (MEA) solvent, and compared to 65% and no carbon capture scenarios. The hydrogen production of the gasification process is evaluated in terms of hydrocracker residue and auxiliary petroleum coke feeds. The power production is determined for various carbon capture cases and for an optimal hydrocracking operation. Hence, the feasibility of the integration of the upgrading process and the IGCC resides in meeting the hydrogen demand of the upgrading facility while producing enough steam and electricity for a power and energy self-sufficient operation, regardless of the extent of carbon capture.
dc.publisherUniversité d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa
dc.subjectAspen HYSYS
dc.subjectAthabasca bitumen
dc.subjectBitumen upgrading process
dc.subjectCanmet slurry hydrocracking
dc.subjectCarbon capture
dc.subjectHydrogen demand
dc.subjectHydrogen power energy self-sufficient process
dc.subjectHydrogen production
dc.subjectIntegrated gasification combined cycle
dc.subjectMEA amine CO2 and H2S capture process
dc.subjectOil and Gas
dc.subjectPetroleum engineering
dc.subjectPetroleum atmospheric and vacuum distillation
dc.subjectPower generation
dc.subjectProcess integration
dc.titleIntegration and Simulation of a Bitumen Upgrading Facility and an IGCC Process with Carbon Capture
dc.faculty.departmentGénie chimique et biologique / Chemical and Biological Engineering
dc.contributor.supervisorMacchi, Arturo
dc.contributor.supervisorAnthony, Edward John
dc.embargo.termsimmediateénie / Engineeringénie / Engineering
uottawa.departmentGénie chimique et biologique / Chemical and Biological Engineering
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -

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