The Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 8 Mutant VAPB-P56S Causes a Nuclear Envelope and Nuclear Pore Defect

Description
Title: The Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 8 Mutant VAPB-P56S Causes a Nuclear Envelope and Nuclear Pore Defect
Authors: Chalhoub, Antonious
Date: 2012
Abstract: A P56S mutation in the VAPB MSP domain is linked to adult-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8. The objective of this study is to characterize the functional role of VAPB in transport of NE and NPC proteins from the ER to the NE. Over-expression of VAPB-P56S blocked the transport of nucleoporins (Nups) and NE proteins, resulting in their sequestration in dilated cytoplasmic membranes. Simultaneous overexpression of the FFAT motif (two phenylalanines in an acidic track) antagonizes mutant VAPB effects and restores transport to the NE. VAPB function is required for transport to the NE because knockdown of endogenous VAPB recapitulates this phenotype. Moreover, the compartment in which Nups and NE proteins are sequestered and retained was identified as ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC). Moreover, a defect in the transport of NE and NPC proteins attenuates nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Further, VAPB-P56S which is only soluble in SDS was solubilized in the Triton-X-100 fraction similar to VAPB-WT upon co-transfection with the FFAT motif suggesting that FFAT interacts with the insoluble VAPB-P56S protein changing its biophysical properties.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23191
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5939
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
Files