Circulating Progenitor Cell Therapeutic Potential Impaired by Endothelial Dysfunction and Rescued by a Collagen Matrix

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Title: Circulating Progenitor Cell Therapeutic Potential Impaired by Endothelial Dysfunction and Rescued by a Collagen Matrix
Authors: Marier, Jenelle
Date: 2012
Abstract: Angiogenic cell therapy is currently being developed as a treatment for coronary artery disease (CAD); however, endothelial dysfunction (ED), commonly found in patients with CAD, impairs the ability for revascularization to occur. We hypothesized that culture on a collagen matrix will improve survival and function of circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) isolated from a mouse model of ED. Overall, ED decreased the expression of endothelial markers in CPCs and impaired their function, compared to normal mice. Culture of CPCs from ED mice on collagen was able to increase cell marker expression, and improve migration and adhesion potential, compared to CPCs on fibronectin. Nitric oxide production was reduced for CPCs on collagen for the ED group; however, CPCs on collagen had better viability under conditions of serum deprivation and hypoxia, compared to fibronectin. This study suggests that a collagen matrix may improve the function of therapeutic CPCs that have been exposed to ED.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/23099
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5275
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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