Metathesis Catalysts in Tandem Catalysis: Methods and Mechanisms for Transformation

dc.contributor.authorBeach, Nicholas James
dc.description.abstractThe ever-worsening environmental crisis has stimulated development of less wasteful “green” technologies. To this end, tandem catalysis enables multiple catalytic cycles to be performed within a single reaction vessel, thereby eliminating intermediate processing steps and reducing solvent waste. Assisted tandem catalysis employs suitable chemical triggers to transform the initial catalyst into new species, thereby providing a mechanism for “switching on” secondary catalytic activity. This thesis demonstrates the importance of highly productive secondary catalysts through a comparative hydrogenation study involving prominent hydrogenation catalysts of tandem ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP)-hydrogenation, of which hydridocarbonyl species were proved superior. This thesis illuminates optimal routes to hydridocarbonyls under conditions relevant to our ROMP-hydrogenation protocol, using Grubbs benzylidenes as isolable proxies for ROMP-propagating alkylidene species. Analogous studies of ruthenium methylidenes and ethoxylidenes illuminate optimal routes to hydridocarbonyls following ring-closing metathesis (RCM) and metathesis quenching, respectively. The formation of unexpected side products using aggressive chemical triggers is also discussed, and emphasizes the need for cautious design of the post-metathesis trigger phase.
dc.publisherUniversité d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa
dc.subjecttandem catalysis
dc.titleMetathesis Catalysts in Tandem Catalysis: Methods and Mechanisms for Transformation
dc.faculty.departmentChimie / Chemistry
dc.contributor.supervisorFogg, Deryn
dc.embargo.termsimmediate / Science / Science
uottawa.departmentChimie / Chemistry
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -

Beach_Nicholas_James_2012_thesis.pdfNicholas James Beach Ph.D. thesis13.18 MBAdobe PDFOpen