Pre-Clinical Evaluation of Biopolymer Delivered Circulating Angiogenic Cells in Hibernating Myocardium

dc.contributor.authorGiordano, Céline
dc.description.abstractVasculogenic cell-based therapy combined with tissue engineering is a promising revascularization strategy for patients with hibernating myocardium, a common clinical condition. We used a clinically relevant swine model of hibernating myocardium to examine the benefits of biopolymer-supported delivery of circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) in this context. Twenty-five swine underwent placement of an ameroid constrictor on the left circumflex artery (LCx). After 2 weeks, positron emission tomography measures of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) were reduced in the affected region (both p<0.001). Hibernation (mismatch) was specific to the LCx territory. Swine were randomized to receive intramyocardial injections of PBS control (n=10), CACs (n=8), or CACs + a collagen-based matrix (n=7). At follow-up, stress MBF and MFR were increased only in the cells+matrix group (p<0.01), and mismatch was lower in the cells+matrix treated animals (p=0.02) compared to controls. Similar results were found using microsphere-measured MBF. Wall motion abnormalities and ejection fraction improved only in the cells+matrix group. This preclinical swine model demonstrated ischemia and hibernation, which was improved by the combined delivery of CACs and a collagen-based matrix. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of the mechanisms and effects of combining progenitor cells and biopolymers in the setting of myocardial hibernation, a common clinical condition in patients with advanced coronary artery disease.
dc.publisherUniversité d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa
dc.subjectCirculating angiogenic cells
dc.subjectCardiac PET
dc.titlePre-Clinical Evaluation of Biopolymer Delivered Circulating Angiogenic Cells in Hibernating Myocardium
dc.faculty.departmentMédecine cellulaire et moléculaire / Cellular and Molecular Medicine
dc.contributor.supervisorMarc, Ruel
dc.embargo.termsimmediateédecine / Medicineédecine / Medicine
uottawa.departmentMédecine cellulaire et moléculaire / Cellular and Molecular Medicine
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -