Unaccountable Soldiers: Private Military Companies and the Law of Armed Conflict

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dc.contributor.authorMcRae, Peter
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-18T19:52:10Z
dc.date.available2012-01-18T19:52:10Z
dc.date.created2012
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10393/20580
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5332
dc.description.abstractThe use of Private Military Companies (PMCs) has become an increasingly common feature of contemporary armed conflict. Because of their autonomous contractual status, PMCs have presented governments with problems of accountability on several levels, including violations of international human rights and humanitarian law (IHL) standards. This thesis argues that PMCs should be considered to be non-state actors (NSAs), subject to international law from both an International Relations Theory and a Legal Theory perspective. This conclusion is linked to the issue of whether individual PMC employees can be treated as legitimate combatants according to IHL. State practice has not led to a clear understanding of the definition of combatant, a problem which has been compounded by a lack of government policy on the use of PMCs. Using Canadian experience as a case study, the thesis concludes that IHL suggests two options for regularizing the status of PMCs which would both strengthen accountability and uphold the rule of law.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversité d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa
dc.subjectprivate military companies
dc.subjectprivate security companies
dc.subjectinternational humanitarian law
dc.subjectlaw of armed conflict
dc.subjectlaw of war
dc.subjectnon-state actors
dc.subjectunlawful combatants
dc.subjectenemy combatants
dc.subjectprivatization of war
dc.subjectGeneva conventions
dc.subjectRichard Baxter
dc.titleUnaccountable Soldiers: Private Military Companies and the Law of Armed Conflict
dc.typeThesis
dc.contributor.supervisorLaViolette, Nicole
dc.embargo.termsimmediate
dc.degree.nameLLM
dc.degree.levelmasters
dc.degree.disciplineDroit / Law
thesis.degree.nameLLM
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.disciplineDroit / Law
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -

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