Contribution of Retinoid X Receptor Signaling to the Specification of Skeletal Muscle Lineage

Title: Contribution of Retinoid X Receptor Signaling to the Specification of Skeletal Muscle Lineage
Authors: Qiao, Li
LeMay, Melanie
Mach, Hymn
Lacroix, Natascha
Hou, Chenchen
Chen, Jihong
Date: 2011
Abstract: Pluripotent stem cells possess a tremendous potential for the treatment of many diseases because of their capacity to differentiate into a variety of cell lineages. However, they provide little promise for muscle-related diseases, mainly because of the lack of small molecule inducers to efficiently direct myogenic conversion. Retinoic acid, acting through the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and retinoid X receptor (RXR), affects stem cell fate determination in a concentration-dependent manner, but it only has a modest efficacy on the commitment of ES cells into skeletal muscle lineage. The RXR is very important for embryonic development but is generally considered to act as a silent partner of RAR in a non-permissive mode. In this study, we have examined whether activation of the RXR by rexinoid or RXRspecific signaling play a role in the specification of stem cells into muscle lineage. Our findings demonstrate that mouse ES cells generate skeletal myocytes effectively upon treatment with rexinoid at the early stage of differentiation and that on a molecular level, rexinoid-enhanced myogenesis simulates the sequential events observed in vivo. Moreover, RXR-mediated myogenic conversion requires the function of -catenin but not RAR. Our studies establish the feasibility of applying the RXR agonist in cell-based therapies to treat muscle-related diseases. The aptitude of mouse ES cells to generate skeletal myocytes following rexinoid induction also provides a model system to study the convergence of different signaling pathways in myogenesis.
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.227058
CollectionLibre accès uOttawa - Publications // uOttawa Open Access - Publications
Pathologie et médecine de laboratoire // Pathology and Laboratory Medicine