Potential Contributors to the Canadian Pediatric Obesity Epidemic

Title: Potential Contributors to the Canadian Pediatric Obesity Epidemic
Authors: Saunders, Travis John
Date: 2011-12-09
Abstract: As a group, Canadian children and youth are heavier than at any time in the recent past. However, to date there has been no critical examination of the factors which are likely to have contributed to these deleterious trends. A review of the evidence suggests that there is robust evidence supporting the role of reduced sleep, increased sedentary time, increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, and secular increases in adult obesity as contributing factors to the current epidemic of childhood obesity. There is moderate evidence that these trends are related to changes in either total energy intake or physical activity, while there is very little evidence supporting the role of maternal age, breastfeeding, exposure to endocrine disrupters, or inadequate calcium intake. These findings suggest that targeting sleep, sedentary time, and sugar-sweetened beverage intake in Canadian children and youth may help to prevent future weight gain at the population level.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20477
DOI: 10.5402/2011/917684
CollectionSciences de l’activité physique - Publications // Human Kinetics - Publications
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