Synthesis of Single Isomer Trisubstituted and Tetrasubstituted Olefins from E-β-Chloro-α-Iodo-α,β-Unsaturated Esters and Bergman Cycloaromatizations With and Without a Radical Trapping Agent

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Title: Synthesis of Single Isomer Trisubstituted and Tetrasubstituted Olefins from E-β-Chloro-α-Iodo-α,β-Unsaturated Esters and Bergman Cycloaromatizations With and Without a Radical Trapping Agent
Authors: Pianosi, Anthony
Date: 2011
Abstract: Optimized methods for the regioselective and stereospecific synthesis of both trisubstituted and tetrasubstituted olefins as single isomers from E-β-chloro-α-iodo-α,β-unsaturated esters have been developed from previous work done in the Ogilvie lab. These optimized methods have led to the synthesis of trans isomeric enediynes that can be photoisomerized to their respective cis isomers and subsequently undergo microwave-assisted Bergman cycloaromatizations. Furthermore, both cis and trans isomeric enediynes that have propargyl ether substituents have been found to be able to undergo photoactivated Bergman cyclizations without the need for an intermolecular hydrogen donor. A mechanism study has confirmed that the Bergman cyclization products that form without the presence of an intermolecular hydrogen donor undergo a series of 1,5-hydrogen shifts as intermediates. A series of optimizations to these reactions were carried out, in part by utilizing electron-donating or electron-withdrawing functional groups to help stabilize the resulting radicals that form on the intermediates, and thus increase the yield of the associated Bergman cyclization products.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20456
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5071
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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