Oxygen Sensitivity of Skin Neuroepithelial Cells in Developing Zebrafish, Danio rerio

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Title: Oxygen Sensitivity of Skin Neuroepithelial Cells in Developing Zebrafish, Danio rerio
Authors: Coccimiglio, Maria Louise
Date: 2011
Abstract: In zebrafish, the ventilatory response to hypoxia first develops at 3 days post-fertilization (d.p.f.) before O2-chemoreceptive neuroepithelial cells (NECs) of the gill appear at 7 d.p.f. This indicates the presence of extrabranchial chemoreceptors in embryos and a developmental transition to primarily gill O2 sensing. This thesis examined the skin NECs, which reach peak density in embryos but decline as gill NECs appear. Exposure of embryos and larvae to chronic hypoxia prevented the loss of skin NECs, shifted peak basal ventilation to a later developmental stage, and induced a hypoventilatory response to acute hypoxia. Chronic exposure to hyperoxia rapidly diminished skin NECs, shifted peak ventilation to earlier stages and eliminated the response to acute hypoxia. Administration of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine degraded nerve terminals that contact skin NECs and reduced both basal ventilation frequency and the hypoxic ventilatory response. Thus, skin NECs are candidates for extrabranchial O2 chemoreceptors in developing zebrafish.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20392
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-5048
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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