"Role of SRY-related HMG box (SOX)-7 in Skeletal Muscle Development" and "Effect of an extracellular matrix on skeletal and cardiac muscle development"
|Title:||"Role of SRY-related HMG box (SOX)-7 in Skeletal Muscle Development" and "Effect of an extracellular matrix on skeletal and cardiac muscle development"|
|Abstract:||A complex network of transcription factors, which are regulated by signalling molecules, is responsible in coordinating the formation of differentiated skeletal and cardiac myocytes from undifferentiated stem cells. The present study aims to understand and compare the transcriptional regulation of skeletal and/or cardiac muscle development in the absence of Sox7 or in the presence of a collagen-based matrix in P19 embyonal carcinoma (EC) and mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. First, knock-down of Sox7 , by shRNA, in muscle inducing conditions (+DMSO) and in the absence of RA (-RA), decreased muscle progenitor transcription factor and myogenic regulatory factor (MRF) levels, suggesting that Sox7 is necessary for myogenesis. However, knock-down of Sox7 in the presence of RA (+RA) and DMSO increased expression of muscle progenitor markers and MRFs, suggesting that Sox7 is inhibitory for myogenesis +RA. Furthermore, Sox7 overexpression enhanced myogenesis -RA, but inhibited myogenesis and enhanced neurogenesis +RA. These results suggest an important interplay between RA signalling and Sox7 function during P19 differentiation. Second, Q-PCR analysis showed that compared to the mouse ES cells differentiated on the regular TC plates, differentiation on the collagen matrices had a higher expression of skeletal and cardiac precursors, MRFs and terminal differentiation markers. Collagen alone enhanced myotube formation. The enhanced collagen matrix, containing the oligosaccharide sialyl LewisX (sLeX), specifically enhanced cardiomyogenesis. These studies have added to our understanding of the transcriptional regulation of premyogenic mesoderm factors and the role of Sox7 in this process. In addition these studies provide a vision for possible use of biomaterials in directed differentiation of stem cells for the purpose of cell therapy.|
|Collection||Thèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -|