The Effects of Menstrual Cycle Phases and Adiposity on Energy Balance in Women

FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorMcNeil, Jessica N.
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-27T15:53:12Z
dc.date.available2011-10-27T15:53:12Z
dc.date.created2011
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10393/20336
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-4985
dc.description.abstractEnergy intake (EI) and energy expenditure (EE) across the menstrual cycle (MC), while considering body adiposity, have not been previously evaluated in the same individuals. This study mainly examined the variations in energy balance (EB) across MC. Seventeen women (Body fat-DXA:28.5%) participated in three identical sessions during distinct phases of the MC: Early-follicular, Late-follicular/ovulation and Mid-luteal (confirmed by basal temperature and sex-steroid hormones). EI, resting metabolic rate (RMR), physical-activity EE (PAEE), severity of PMS, leptin and relative-reinforcing value (RRV) of preferred foods were measured during each phase. No differences in body fat, EI, RMR, PAEE, leptin and RRV of food were noted across MC. Trends were noted in preferred snack (p=0.06) and combined snack/fruit (p=0.06) intakes, while differences were noted in severity of PMS (p<0.05) across phases. Changes in EB across the MC were not noted. PMS was more severe, and preferred snack and combined snack/fruit intakes were slightly higher during mid-luteal phase.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversité d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa
dc.subjectmenstrual cycle
dc.subjectenergy intake
dc.subjectresting metabolic rate
dc.subjectphysical activity energy expenditure
dc.subjectpremenstrual syndrome
dc.subjectrelative reinforcing value of food
dc.subjectleptin
dc.titleThe Effects of Menstrual Cycle Phases and Adiposity on Energy Balance in Women
dc.typeThesis
dc.faculty.departmentSciences de l'activité physique / Human Kinetics
dc.contributor.supervisorDoucet, Éric
dc.embargo.termsimmediate
dc.degree.nameMSc
dc.degree.levelmasters
dc.degree.disciplineSciences de la santé / Health Sciences
thesis.degree.nameMSc
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.disciplineSciences de la santé / Health Sciences
uottawa.departmentSciences de l'activité physique / Human Kinetics
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -

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