The Role of XRCC1 in the Repair of DNA Strand Breaks in Skeletal Muscle Differentiation

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Title: The Role of XRCC1 in the Repair of DNA Strand Breaks in Skeletal Muscle Differentiation
Authors: Burns, Leanne E.
Date: 2011
Abstract: Caspase-3 has demonstrated a non-apoptotic function in several developmental programs including skeletal muscle differentiation, yet the mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated. Under apoptotic conditions Caspase-3 induces DNA fragmentation through activation of CAD. Recent observations have demonstrated CAD activity and the resulting DNA strand breaks are also vital for skeletal muscle differentiation. These breaks are transient in nature, suggesting an active DNA repair program to maintain genomic integrity. The aim of this study was to delineate the DNA repair mechanism coordinated with caspase/CAD mediated DNA damage. It was found that XRCC1 formed punctate nuclear foci early in myoblast differentiation concurrent to the induction of DNA damage. Caspase-3 inhibition caused attenuation of the formation of DNA lesions and XRCC1 foci in differentiating myoblasts. Targeted reduction in XRCC1 expression impaired myoblast differentiation. These results suggest that XRCC1 may play a role in repairing the DNA damage associated with myoblast differentiation.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20225
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-6056
CollectionThèses, 2011 - // Theses, 2011 -
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