Organized Urban Violence: An Examination of the Threat of Organized Armed Groups to Urban Environments

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Title: Organized Urban Violence: An Examination of the Threat of Organized Armed Groups to Urban Environments
Authors: Grace, Anita
Date: 2011-05-24
Abstract: This research contributes to the assessment of urban violence by developing a category of urban violence, namely organized urban violence (OUV), defined as that which is generated by urban non-state organized armed groups (OAGs) who exert territorial and social control in urban areas. Through detailed examination of academic and policy literature, this thesis explores the types of non-state OAGs involved in urban violence – such as private security companies (PSCs), vigilantes, gangs, and organized crime groups – their characteristics and their impacts on urban environments. The category of OUV is further developed through two case studies: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and Cape Town, South Africa – cities which have a proliferation of urban non-state OAGs and high levels of urban violence.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/20009
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-729
CollectionThèses Saint-Paul // Saint Paul Theses
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