Clausal and verbal structure in Farsi.

Titre: Clausal and verbal structure in Farsi.
Auteur(s): Vahedi-Langrudi, Mohammad Mehdi.
Date: 1992
Résumé: This thesis intend to study very broadly and generally the verbal and clausal structure of the Farsi, the official language of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It tries to bring the clausal and verbal structure of Farsi language into the recent amendments of X-bar theory, i.e. the introduction of two different sets of categories, namely functional and lexical ones. We will use the principle and parameter model of generative grammar as our theoretical model of analysis. The verbal structure of the language will be analyzed based on the proposal of Pollock (1989), Chomsky (1989), and Ouhalla (1990), where it is argued that Infl constitutes of two sets of functional projections, namely AgrP and T(ense)P. Further separate projections are proposed for Negation and Auxiliaries. As far as X-bar theory is concerned, we will adopt a theory of X-bar which is least sophisticated and assumed to be more natural. We will adopt the theory of X-bar as proposed in Fukui and Speas (1986), Fukui (1986), and Speas (1990) among others which suggests that lexical items as well as functional ones project to a head, X0, and Xmax, and any number of intermediate iterable bars. The other constraints on the structure of phrases and clauses are imposed by other modules and subtheories of grammar. We will show that the phrasal structure of Farsi does in fact match this system. Word order in main and subordinate clauses will be studied and shown that it is constrained with Specificity of the elements as discussed in Karimi (1989), as well as case theory and directionality of head placement. The Ezafe Construction will be studied in Chapter III. I will argue that Ezafe, which is a clitic-like suffix similar to English of and French de has three different functions in the language. In chapter IV the structure of verb Phrases will be analyzed. We will see that the future auxiliary in Farsi is not a true auxiliary but a modal-like element which acts as a verb and subcategorizes for a subordinate main, lexical verb which causes the latter to incorporate into it at a higher level. Based on the function of negation in the language, we will also show that auxiliaries are base generated outside the projection of the verb. For the passives, we will argue that there are no real verbal passives in the language, rather passive constructions are adjectival formed in the lexicon. This is accounted for by the types of verb movements/raisings involved in the verbal structure, and the function and position of negation. Finally morphological causatives in Farsi will be brought in line with the "Incorporation" analysis of Baker (1988) and Li (1991).
CollectionThèses, 1910 - 2010 // Theses, 1910 - 2010
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