Canada's Undecided Future: The Discourse on Unrestricted Reciprocity and Annexation in Quebec, 1887--1893

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Title: Canada's Undecided Future: The Discourse on Unrestricted Reciprocity and Annexation in Quebec, 1887--1893
Authors: Boyes, Aaron W
Date: 2010
Abstract: This study examines the third, and final, moment in which the prospect of annexation to the United States was addressed in the province of Quebec between 1887 and 1893. During the period under examination, the Dominion of Canada experienced a surge in discussion regarding its political future. Four 'options' emerged that garnered considerable public attention: maintenance of the status quo, Canadian independence, Imperial Federation and annexation to the United States. Unlike other studies where this final movement for annexation is merely discussed as a chapter in a larger study or as a small aspect of a broader idea, the movement for annexation will be explored as the focal point. Issues that are addressed include the origins of the movement, the impact of the 1891 federal election, and the rise and fall of annexationist sentiment. Where possible, the divisions between the majority French-Canadian community and the minority British-Canadian community have been highlighted to provide as much insight into the movement as possible. Primary documents compose the majority of the sources consulted as secondary material on this topic, although excellent, remains rather limited in scope and number. Whereas this topic has been seen as a continuation of the two previous movements for annexation (1849-1850, 1867-1871), the author argues that this third moment, although carrying similarities, was in fact a distinct period in which the prospect of annexation was discussed. Also, unlike in the period between 1849 and 1850, there did not appear to be an organized 'movement' for the annexation Canada in Quebec between 1887 and 1893. The main reasons for this were the lack of communication and cooperation between annexationists and the lack of popularity annexation garnered amongst the majority of Quebec's population. Despite the lack of an organized 'movement' for annexation, this topic remains a fascinating period in Quebec's rich history, as well as exploring Canada's political destiny and Canadian-American relations at the end of the nineteenth century.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/28728
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-12691
CollectionTh├Ęses, 1910 - 2010 // Theses, 1910 - 2010
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