Accelerating the scalar multiplication on genus 2 hyperelliptic curve cryptosystems

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Title: Accelerating the scalar multiplication on genus 2 hyperelliptic curve cryptosystems
Authors: Balamohan, Balasingham
Date: 2010
Abstract: Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) was independently introduced by Koblitz and Miller in the eighties. ECC requires shorter sizes of underlying finite fields in comparison to other public key cryptosystems such as RSA, introduced by Rivest, Shamir and Adleman. Hyperelliptic curves, a generalization of elliptic curves, require decreasing field size as genus increases. Hyperelliptic curves of genus g achieve equivalent security of ECC with field size 1/g times the size of field of ECC for g ≤ 4. Recently, a lot of research is being focused on increasing the efficiency of hyperelliptic curve cryptosystems (HECC). The most time consuming operation in HECC is the scalar multiplication. At present, scalar multiplication on HECC over prime fields under performs in terms of computational time compared to ECC of equivalent security. This thesis focuses on optimizing HECC scalar multiplication at the point arithmetic level. At the point arithmetic level we obtain more efficient doubling and mixed addition operations to decrease the computational time in the scalar multiplication using binary expansions of scalars. In addition, we introduce tripling operations for the Jacobians of hyperelliptic curves to make use of multibase representations of scalars that are being used effectively in ECC. We also develop double-add operations for semi-affine coordinates and Lange's new coordinates. We use these double-add operations to improve the computational cost of precomputation for semi-affine coordinates and that of more important main phase of scalar multiplication for semi-affine coordinates and Lange's new coordinates. We derive special addition to improve the cost of precomputation for Lange's new coordinates and projective coordinates.
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10393/28379
http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-12517
CollectionTh├Ęses, 1910 - 2010 // Theses, 1910 - 2010
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